Acne is one of the most common and widely spread chronic skin disorders affecting millions of people around the globe.
The primary cause of acne breakout is rise in the level of androgens. Higher androgen level induces the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum.
A lot of methods and medications have been introduced with time which ranges from anti biotic to various herbal and home remedies.
This article tends to discuss the efficacy of Amino Fruit Acid in the treatment of acne breakouts and acne scars when it is used topically as a lotion and also when it is used as a vehicle in the process of chemical peeling.
Table of Contents
What is Amino Fruit Acid?
Amino fruit acid is a kind of alpha hydroxyl acids found in various fruit and vegetable sources.
They are derived from a number of natural sources and usually include citric acid, malic acid and tartaric acid among others.
They are often considered beneficial for the skin and are present in a large number of cosmetic products.
They tend to rejuvenate the skin and when used in a peel, they have and exfoliation effect which works towards the improvement of the health of the skin.
Given below is a list of fruits that are generally considered one of the highest sources of amino fruit acid along with their AFA content per 100 grams of the edible part:
- Avocado : 2100 mg
- Kiwi fruit: 870 mg
- Banana: 810 mg
- Melon: 710 mg
- Strawberry: 710 mg
- Naval: 610 mg
- Grape fruit: 580 mg
- Japanese apricot: 510 mg
How does Amino Fruit Acid Help in Acne
Amino fruit acid has been known to be beneficial in the prevention of both acne breakouts as well as acne scarring.
It exhibits exfoliation properties which when applied on the skin tend to remove the dead skin cells by penetrating into the upper layer of the skin.
This penetration to remove the damaged and dead skin cells tend to stimulate collagen formation which induced by the immune system starts speeding up the recovery of the skin and forms a new layer that is more firm and tight apart from being damage free and clear.
How to Use Amino Fruit Acid
Amino fruit acid can be used for acne prevention in two ways.
Firstly, it can be used as a cream or lotion applied topically on the skin which tends to exfoliate the damaged skin. This can be done at home.
Secondly, it has largely been used in chemical peels. Amino fruit acid peels are found better in the sense that since it has larger molecules, it does not go extremely deep in the skin. While this does not affect its effectiveness in any which way, it tend to reduce the treatment induced skin irritation which is a common side effect of chemical peels.
In this sense it is better than glycolic acid when it comes to chemical peels.
While it is usually recommended for dry and sensitive skin because of its moisturizing properties and reduced impact of side effects, it usually also works good on oily skin.
The dosage of this acid depends on the condition and severity of the condition it is treating. Given below are its dosage of topical application for acne and acne scars respectively.
For problems like breakouts and wrinkles, a topical solution in the concentration of 8% can be applied twice daily. For acne scars, the method of chemical peels are used in which various concentrations of 20%, 30%, 50% and 70% are available.
However, you must consult a doctor before using higher concentrations.
It is usually advised that any such peeling activities be carried out only under the supervision of a registered doctor or dermatologist.
Benefits of Amino Fruit Acid
The benefits of amino fruit acid as well as the various medicinal uses to which it is put is enumerated below:
- Because of its relatively larger molecule it does not penetrate very deep into the skin which helps in reducing most of its skin related side effects
- It is considered more effective than most other acidic peels
- It is taken by some people orally along with magnesium for treating pain
- It also tends to exhibit moisturizing properties. It tends to make the skin relatively smoother
- It is helpful in the treatment of sensitive skin which is often not the case when it comes to acids
- It is topically used in the treatment of ichthyosis
- It is often also used in the treatment of melasma
Possible Side Effects
- It may cause slight tingling effect or may be even redness. These effects are however temporary and tends to fade away over time
- It can result in irritation or flakiness of the skin
- It may increase your skin’s sensitivity to the sun
- Using it in peels often lead to hypo or hyper pigmentation
- It can cause swelling in the treated area. However this too is temporary
- Regular use of such acidic peels can burn the skin
- When taken orally in high doses it can cause diarrhea, nausea or vomiting
In order to ensure maximum benefit from the treatment and avoid risks of any side effects you must follow certain precautions. Some of these precautions are given below:
While its topical applications during times of pregnancy or while breast feeding is considered safe, its oral in take is still debatable. To be on the safe side, it is usually advised that you do not use it as such times.
Since it makes your skin sensitive to sun light, it is usually advised that you avoid exposure to the sun and in case it cannot be avoided completely, wear a sun screen or protective clothing while going out.
If your skin is extremely sensitive, consult a doctor before going for a chemical peel.
Tell your doctor about all the topical medications as well as cosmetics you have been using on the skin.
Amino fruit acid with its exfoliation and moisturizing properties makes the skin smooth, soft and clean. It is known to work even on sensitive skin and the side effects are negligible.
If you want to go for chemical peeling this might be the right choice for you.